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It’s easy to underestimate the importance of choosing the right road bike size. If you choose an ill-fitting bike, it can not only negatively affect your comfort during a ride but also reduce efficiency and put you at risk of developing an injury. But with a little help, it is possible to find a bike that fits well and is also comfortable to ride.
This guide created by Merlin Cycles will help explain everything you need to know about sizing up a road bike, ensuring that you have the most enjoyable experience possible every time you hit the road.
How to ensure you get the right road bike frame size
This is your most important consideration. Frame size is related to the seat tube length – so, a 56cm frame will have a seat tube that is 56cm long, for example.
Sizing recommendations have changed in the past few years. This is because manufacturers now produce compact (sloping) frame designs with lower top tubes, which means somebody who fitted a 56cm frame in the 1990s will probably need a different size now.
Measuring your stand-over height
Simply put, this is how far the top tube is from the ground. This can have a major bearing on your overall comfort levels and your performance.
If you know your inside leg measurement, this can be a good indicator of how high you need the top tube to be.
For the optimum size, there should be a few inches between your crotch and the top tube when you are standing bare foot with your legs straight and feet slightly apart. If you have too much of a gap, the bike is too small, if you have no room to manoeuvre, it’s too big.
Tip – If you have a compact or semi-compact geometry frame, make sure you have enough clearance along the entire length of the top tube, especially near the head tube, as this is the highest point.
Getting your saddle in the right position
An adult cyclist should be able to touch the floor with their tip-toes while sat in the saddle. If you can’t reach the floor, your saddle is too high; if you can put the entire base of your foot on the ground, you’re too low.
Here are a few tips to help you get your saddle in the perfect position…
1) Sit in the saddle and put the ball of your foot on the pedal. Have a slight bend in the leg and let the leg hang naturally. Your leg should not be perfectly straight.
2) You should find that there are a few inches difference between the saddle height and the size of your frame, and you will have seat post showing.
3) Make sure the saddle is level and not sloping forwards or backwards. This can be extremely uncomfortable.
4) Tweak the position of the saddle in the rails, moving it fore and aft until you’ve got it exactly how you want it. Imagine a plumb line running straight down from the centre of the knee cap through the ball of the foot (which is over the pedal axle) in the 3 O’clock position.
How to measure your reach on a road bike
Known as the ‘reach’, the distance between the saddle and handlebars depends on your own measurements and the length of your torso and arms. When determining your road bike sizing, understanding your reach distance is vital.
You can determine reach by sitting in the saddle in a normal riding position and placing your hands on the tops of the handlebars. If you look down the bars, the front axle should be hidden. If the axle is in front of the bars, however, then the reach is too short. If the axle is behind, the reach is too long.
It may seem simple, but this is actually a tried-and-tested method and popular within the cycling community.
What is stack height and how do I measure it?
Stack height is the space between the bottom of the lower headset cup and the top of the upper headset cup. This is the part of the frame that the top of the fork goes into.
The stack height of the bike depends largely upon the kind of bike it is. For example, sportive bikes tend to have a bigger stack height, while race bikes will usually have a shorter stack height for a lower front end.
Bikes with slightly longer reach and a lower stack height are generally more aggressive bikes, riding harder and with more of an elongated, ‘stretched out’ geometry.
Getting the correct road bike tyre sizes
Looking for the right tyre size can feel a little like navigating a minefield at times, and understanding what can help you get things spot on.
On a road bike, tyre sizes are described using dimensions. For example, a road bike could measure as 700 x 25c. 700 is the standard rim size diameter, whilst 25c is the width of the tyre as you look down from a riding position.
Generally speaking, wider tyres provide more comfort as the volume of air in each tyre is larger. Tyre manufacturers now make lighter, faster tyres that are wider, to meet the needs of today’s riders and bikes. Several wheel manufacturers make wider 23mm or 25mm wide rims; these offer a high level of strength, performance and comfort when matched with wider 23mm/25mm tyres.
Most road bikes will have enough clearance to fit 25mm-wide tyres, which can offer a good amount of comfort for the rider. Newer disc-brake road/gravel/cyclocross bikes often have enough clearance for 35mm/38mm off-road tyres to cope with more challenging surfaces such as mud and gravel.